Sezione Storica – Fondo Cartografico Losardo – Sala X (Tav. XXIII)

  • Campaniae Samnii Apuliae Lucaniae Brutiorum. Vetus et nova descriptio (1697) (Hall X) (pl. XXIII)

The engraving, quite small (340×260 mm), might have been drawn from the work of P. Cluverius Introductio in Universam geographiam, perhaps from the edition published in Amsterdam in 1697. Philipp Cluver, or Philippus Cluverii Cluverius (Danzig 1580-1623), as already pointed out, was a German humanist and geographer engaged in the study of the Antiquities. He developed a particular approach to mapmaking, as his work featured historical themes. For this very reason he is regarded as the founder of historical geography.

The representation features a marginal graduation, a coloured cartouche in the bottom left corner, but no grid and no scale. The placenames are clearly derived from the work of Mercator and inspired by Cluver’s Italia Antiqua drawings, with less names of people and places, but with a pleasing and colourful appearance that features very peculiar symbols for the relief and the reforested areas. The map, on the whole, does not presents a truthful shape and shows an enlarged central Calabria, repeating the mistakes that can be identified in the archetypes.